Since morphine is an opiate narcotic, morphine addiction is inevitable for an individual who uses it long term, or who abuses it. Therefore, tolerance and physical reliance on the drug are possible to develop quickly. Morphine addiction can rapidly start to take its toll on the user, causing numerous destructive long-standing effects. Just like diverse kinds of opiate narcotics, the psychological dependence, which has commonly been recognized with addiction to morphine, may last further than the normal physical withdrawal time. An individual might still suffer from side effects, which comprise anxiety, depression, paranoia, confusion, forgetfulness, mood swings, insomnia, and other psychological disorders.
Morphine Side Effects
The most serious, less widespread side effects of this influential pain reliever might contain, but are not restricted to: inability to urinate, abnormal thinking, feeling light-headed, memory loss, convulsions, severe weakness, light-headedness, shallow breathing, slow heartbeat, confusion, uncoordinated muscle movements, fainting, cold and clammy skin, swelling due to fluid retention, seizures and death.
It has also been reported to damage the person’s performance of physical and mental functions. Several individuals have reported that employing morphine has considerably reduced their sex drive and is able to cause relentless constipation; moreover, a proportion of women that have used the drug, have reported to encounter a disruption in menstrual cycles.
Morphine Withdrawal Symptoms
It embraces both physical and psychological clinical manifestations, which will take place as a result of unexpectedly stopping the utilization of the drug. The clinical manifestations of morphine withdrawal can be tremendously disagreeable, so much so that people begin taking the drug again to get relief. Morphine withdrawal symptoms are typically experienced in a moment before the time of the subsequently scheduled dose; however, they can happen as early as a number of hours following the final administration of the drug.
There is an elevated likelihood that relapse will happen following morphine withdrawal when neither the behavioral motivators nor the physical environment that contributed to the misuse have been altered. Indication to morphine’s addictive nature is its rate of relapse. Addicted users of morphine have the maximum relapse rates among all other drug users, ranging up to ninety eight percent in the assessment of some mental health professionals, clinicians, neuro-pharmacologists and other medical experts.
The psychological reliance related with morphine addiction is multifaceted and extensive. Long after the physical necessities for morphine have passed, the person will typically carry on to think and talk regarding the use of morphine and sense odd or inundated coping with every day activities without being under the control of morphine.
In general, morphine addiction has turned out to be the most severe problem in most of the developing countries and this, in turn, necessitates the active involvement of their respective governments to help reduce the numbers and save as many lives as possible.